EXPLORING THE LEVEL OF SPECIALISATION OF A CORPUS OF SCIENTIFIC TEXTS AND STUDENTS’ PERCEPTIONS AND NEEDS IN AN ESP CONTEXT (pp. 140-156)

Antonio Martínez Sáez

Resumen


The incorporation of some original texts combining the academic component with a particular scientific domain
can be seen as an opportunity, in higher education and, in particular, in an English for Specific and Academic
Purposes (ESP and EAP, respectively) context, to enable students to access authentic examples of the use of the
language. This article investigates the degree of specialisation of some scientific texts that could be read and
analysed in class in order to determine the pedagogical effect these might have when teaching the reading skill.
In so doing, a corpus of twelve recent texts belonging to the domain of Biotechnology was analysed. Moreover,
two different empirical studies were conducted in order to know more about students’ needs and perceptions
throughout two consecutive academic years; 2017-2018 (qualitative analysis of their initial perceptions) and
2018-2019 (qualitative and quantitative analysis of the data provided by a questionnaire). Preliminary findings
suggested that the selection of texts showed different degrees of specialisation.
Key words: ESP, EAP, reading, specialisation levels, lexical density

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