The II International Conference on landscape, heritage, and city offers continuity in the University of Alcalá School of Architecture to the one held in October 2013, in close collaboration with the Centre for Design Sciences and Construction of the University of Aguascalientes (México), and it is the result of the existing scientific cooperation agreement between both universities. In the first Conference, two scientific meetings were jointly organized, with two locations and consecutive calls: between the 26 and 28 of June of 2013 it was held at the University of Aguascalientes the III International Forum on Science in Anthropogenic Fields, following the motto Alignments of Design and Construction III: Infrastructure, Civil Engineering and Territory; and between the 7 and 8 of October, the International Conference held at the University of Alcalá under the headword Heritage, territory and landscape.
In this new proposal, new results and scientific challenges are searched for within the realm of historic urban landscape, being this matter one of the main preferential investigation interests of the Research Group Architecture, History, City and Landscape that is linked to the University of Alcalá. The slogan “Contemporary Approaches to Urban Landscape” is meant to attract numerous researchers and professionals dealing with these topics to this Conference, to show theoretical, methodological or design contributions revealing the multidimensionality and transversality of studies confluent in urban landscape realm.
The European Landscape Convention (Council of Europe, 2000) opens the path to improve and preserve landscape from its cultural, environmental, ecological and social aspects within the options to consider landscape categories excluded by their everyday condition or chronological proximity. UNESCO recommendations related to historic urban landscape (2011), furthermore, emphasize the notion of landscape as arising from the suggestive concept of historic stratification of cultural, natural, technological, functional, social and symbolic values.
Far from giving a fragmentary view, this Conference is meant to be a forum for exposition, debate and scientific exchange about the urban landscape field from a comprehensive approach, open and contemporary; considering it as a complex fact approachable from the point of view of its heritage status but also from its constant re-updating due to cultural industries, new social performing or urban culture factors.
If landscape is a cultural constructo and it is linked to human being and social perception, the final goal of the assessment of landscape should be the recipient community. That allows us to establish a comparison between objective and technical view of landscape and those features that society identifies, which have an important subjective element. Landscape management policies oriented from local and social identity are considered valuable, not only due to its investigation on increasing economic value (landscape as stimulus of local economies), but also in its reinforcement of the affective or collective memory scope.